Flooded pasture

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*This is an excerpt of Animal, Forage, and Feed Management Following a Flood Event, ANR-2536.

  • Even if hay was not submerged in water, heavy rains will likely decrease the quality of hay stored outside or on the ground.
  • Hay that is submerged by as little as 1 foot has limited usable forage remaining.
  • The amount of rotted hay, mold, and possible contaminants in flooded hay make it of little value and potentially a hazard to livestock.
  • Hay that has less than 1 foot submersion may still have some usable forage, but it should be used with caution and should be fed only to cattle.
  • For hay submerged less than 1 foot of water, feed the dry hay but do not force the cattle to consume the wet and rotting portion of the bale.
  • Hay that was flooded in storage barns should
    be removed as soon as possible to prevent hay fires. This hay will begin to heat and spontaneous combustion is a possibility.
  • Hay that is not fit for livestock should be disposed of by burning or composting it.

 

Download a PDF of Animal, Forage, and Feed Management Following a Flood Event, ANR – 2536.

 

*This is an excerpt of Animal, Forage, and Feed Management Following a Flood Event, ANR-2536.

  • Document all losses of hay as soon as it is safe to do so.
  • Take photos of bales or the place where bales were stored prior to the storm.
  • Write down the number of bales, type and quality of hay, and the estimated weight or size
    (i.e., 4 × 4, 4 × 5, etc.).
  • Contact the Farm Service Agency (FSA) office, and visit them with this information as soon as possible.
  • Eligible hay losses may be covered under the Emergency Assistance for Livestock, Honeybees, and Farm- raised Fish Program (ELAP). Find more information at www.fsa.usda.gov.
  • To qualify for the program, hay had to have been baled. The program will not cover hay that was cut and on the ground.
  • This program covers only hay purchased to feed or hay cut to feed. The program does not cover hay that was cut to sell.
  • Document flooded hay versus hay that was rained on.
  • When possible, have an Extension agent or other official help you document your losses.
  • File a notice of loss at the FSA office within 30 days of the loss.

 

Download a PDF of Animal, Forage, and Feed Management Following a Flood Event, ANR – 2536.

*This is an excerpt of Animal, Forage, and Feed Management Following a Flood Event, ANR-2536.

  • Feed that farmers had on hand (including commercial feed and harvested commodities) may be covered by the ELAP program. Farmers need to document the amount and type of feed that was damaged and the type of damage that occurred.
  • Salvaging flooded feed may be possible, but it must be done quickly after a flood event. If feed is stored in bins, remove any dry feed from the top and move to a different area for later use.
  • If possible, remove wet grain from storage containers and spread out to dry in a layer no more than 6 inches deep.
  • Test flooded grains for mycotoxin load. Additional information on mycotoxin testing services can be found at the end of this document.
  • Pelleted feeds may be more difficult to salvage and will begin to degrade once wetted. It is possible to still utilize these feeds in the short-term, but monitor them closely for mold growth or rancidity.

Download a PDF of Animal, Forage, and Feed Management Following a Flood Event, ANR – 2536.

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