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Strategies for Using Baleage in Beef Cattle Operations

Haylage and baleage are terms often used interchangeably. Haylage is harvested forage ensiled at 40 to 60 percent moisture. Dry hay, haylage, and silage are all methods of producing stored forage reserves, but each differ in their p…

3 min read

Mineral Requirements for Beef Cattle in Alabama

Minerals needed in amounts greater than 100 parts per million (ppm) are considered macrominerals. Those required in amounts less than 100 ppm are microminerals, or trace minerals. The daily requirements for macro- and microminerals …

3 min read

Considerations for Mineral Supplementation in Cow-Calf Operations

Consumption Levels
The inclusion of salt in mineral mixes can encourage or discourage mineral consumption and regulate intake rates. Salt is usually added to encourage the consumption of trace minerals since cattle do not naturally c…

3 min read

Beef Conformation: Pasterns

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

Pasterns are also important to consider when evaluating structural correctness in beef cattle. The pastern is generally understood to be the joint between the cannon bo…

Beef Conformation: Hooves

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

The hoof is one of the more complex aspects to consider when evaluating structural soundness. Problems with the hoof, such as excessive or uneven toe growth, may be cau…

Beef Conformation Basics

Beef cattle producers now have more tools than ever to help them evaluate the genetic merit of animals to be used as parents of the next generation. A balance between visual appraisal and genetic potential is key to successfully sel…

3 min read

Northern Harrier

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

Though most raptors hunt from high above, the northern harrier is frequently seen hunting just a few feet above the ground in marshes and grasslands. Commonly referr…

Sharp-Shinned Hawk

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

Averaging less than 7 ounces, the sharp-shinned hawk is one of Alabama’s smallest raptors. Most of Alabama falls only within its winter range, but they are found y…

Broad-Winged Hawk

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

With similar habitat preferences to the red-shouldered hawk, the broad-winged hawk can sometimes be difficult to distinguish, but several characteristics set it apar…

Botanical Insecticides for Vegetable Production

This video provides basic information about botanical insecticides which are derived from plants and may be used in organic situations.  It is geared toward training producers and gardeners about the basics of alternative insecticides for …

1 min read

Basics of Organic Insecticides

These resources are geared toward training producers and gardeners about the basics of alternative insecticides for sustainable vegetable production in small or large scale. Check with your farmers cooperative or distributor for the availab…

Reducing Student Loan Debt

Student Loan Debt
Americans are burdened by student loan debt now more than ever before. In 2015, the average student loan debt at graduation was $30K, which has been growing steadily over the last two decades.

Whether you just graduate…

2 min read

Greenhouse Vegetable IPM 101: Basic Insect Pest Scouting Methods

This video introduces the topic of integrated pest management to new and experienced specialty crop producers. This video focuses on basic insect pest identification along with information on pest monitoring and scouting systems.

1 min read

Trap Crop for Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Management

This videos gives a good overview of the yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB), a major insect pest of crucifer crops in Alabama. This video described the basic biology of YMLB along with information on trap crops, natural enemies, and bioratio…

1 min read

Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle in Crops

Whether you grow crucifer crops in the open field or a high tunnel, one insect pest that has become universally damaging on small organic farms is the yellowmargined leaf beetle (YMLB). This presentation provides you with information about …

1 min read