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Management Practices to Reduce Grass Tetany

Grass tetany, also known as hypomagnesia, is a nutritional problem for grazing beef and dairy animals. It is often observed when cattle are grazing lush, actively growing cool-season pastures that have been well- fertilized with nit…

4 min read

Nitrate Poisoning of Cattle in Alabama

Nitrate poisoning in cattle is caused by the consumption of feed or water containing high levels of nitrate nitrogen. Under most circumstances, forage crops do not contain levels of nitrates high enough to be toxic. When this does o…

3 min read

How 4-H is Delivered

Alabama 4-H has multiple delivery modes to ensure that we are providing access and opportunity to all youth. The primary delivery modes are:
Clubs
Organized group of at least five youth, led by trained adults, with a planned program that …

2 min read

Strategies for Using Baleage in Beef Cattle Operations

Haylage and baleage are terms often used interchangeably. Haylage is harvested forage ensiled at 40 to 60 percent moisture. Dry hay, haylage, and silage are all methods of producing stored forage reserves, but each differ in their p…

3 min read

Mineral Requirements for Beef Cattle in Alabama

Minerals needed in amounts greater than 100 parts per million (ppm) are considered macrominerals. Those required in amounts less than 100 ppm are microminerals, or trace minerals. The daily requirements for macro- and microminerals …

3 min read

Considerations for Mineral Supplementation in Cow-Calf Operations

Consumption Levels
The inclusion of salt in mineral mixes can encourage or discourage mineral consumption and regulate intake rates. Salt is usually added to encourage the consumption of trace minerals since cattle do not naturally c…

3 min read

Bovine Johne’s Disease

Johne’s (pronounced “Yo-nees”) disease is a chronic infection caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP). Johne’s disease usually refers to a clinical condition characterized by profuse, wat…

3 min read

Bovine Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is a bovine venereal disease that can cause substantial reproductive and economic loss in cow-calf operations that use natural service. The disease is caused by the protozoan Tritrichomonas foetus (T. foetus) and is c…

3 min read

By-Product Feeds for Alabama Beef Cattle

Feed costs represent the largest single cost item in most beef operations. In many economic analyses, feed costs represent more than 50 percent of the variation in profit or loss differences between herds. Many beef producers utiliz…

18 min read

Forage Systems for Cow-Calf Operations in North Alabama

A sound grazing program includes combinations of adapted forage crops which will provide good grazing over the longest possible period of time. Many forage crops are adapted to Alabama conditions. Because each crop has its own disti…

2 min read

Forage Systems for Cow-Calf Operations in Central Alabama

A sound grazing program includes combinations of adapted forage crops which will provide good grazing over the longest possible period of time. Many forage crops are adapted to Alabama conditions. Because each crop has its own disti…

2 min read

Interpreting Soil Test Reports from Commercial Labs

Producers increasingly rely on commercial soil testing laboratories to provide nutrient recommendations for crops. To make best-management decisions for maintaining soil fertility, it is important to understand the basics of soil te…

6 min read

Critical Steps to Improve Soil Health in Pastureland

Practices such as prevention of overgrazing and increasing forage species diversity can help livestock producers increase soil health in pastureland. Overgrazing of forages reduces ground cover, increasing risk of soil erosion and nutrient …

1 min read