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Figure 1. Garden cosmos.

Pollination ecologists have long recognized that a reduction in flowering plants is a significant contributor to declines in pollinators. The second in the Protecting Pollinators in Urban Areas series focuses on the best use of flowering plants in your landscape to attract pollinators.

Numerous lists of pollinator friendly plants exist online. But not every plant can stand up to the heat and humidity in the southern states. As you plan your garden areas, it is important to consider the variety of plant for your location as well as the bloom times. The goal is to create a garden where flowers are available from spring to frost each year.

Annual and Perennial Plants

Bees are more attracted to perennial plants than they are to annual plants. It is, therefore, best to choose a perennial variety when you can.

See Table 1 in the PDF download below to for a list of annuals and herbaceous perennials attractive to insect pollinators

Woody Plants

Many common trees and shrubs that are grown for showy flowers (lantana, chaste tree, and camellia) can be beneficial to pollinators. Some woody plants, such as camellia, can also provide blooms during winter when few other floral resources are available.

See Table 2 in the PDF download below to for a list of shrubs and trees attractive to pollinators.

Protecting Pollinators in Urban Areas Series


Download a PDF Protecting Pollinators in Urban Areas: Use of Flowering Plants, ANR-2419.


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