Lawn & Garden
Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.
Fruits and Nuts
- Continue strawberry and grape plantings.
- Bud apples and peaches.
- Start planting blackberries. If weather conditions prevent prompt planting, heel the plants in by placing the root system in a trench and covering the soil.
- Fertilize shrubs (except azaleas and camellias) according to a soil test.
- Late plantings may be made, particularly if they are container grown.
- Monitor shrubs for harmful insects.
- Plant bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, and centipedegrass in south Alabama.
- Soil test and add limestone as recommended.
- Fertilize fescue lawns at 1 pound slow-release nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.
- South: If daytime temps are consistently above 70 degress F, consider applying fire ant bait. Read label carefully for best control.
- Watch new growth for aphids.
- Begin a spray or dust program.
- Begin fertilizing.
Annuals and Perennials
- South: Plant half-hardy annuals.
- Check garden centers for bedding plants such as geraniums and petunias.
- Plant gladiolus every 2 or 3 weeks if a long blooming season is desired.
- Plant tuberous begonias in pots. Plant dahlias.
- Check and repair sprayers, dusters, and lawn mowers.
- Control lawn weeds with chemicals as needed. If weeds are deemed a serious problem, send a soil sample for testing as weeds can indicate the lawn is unhealthy.
- Delay pruning of fruiting shrubs such as cotoneasters, pyracanthas, and hollies until after flowering.
- Central and North: Plant all hardy crops recommended for January and February (garden peas, leafy greens, and root crops).
- Central and South: Continue planting carrots, lettuce, and radishes. Plant sweet corn and squash. South Alabama can start planting beans, melons, and southern peas in late March.
- Central and North: Plant asparagus, onion sets, and lettuce. Plant certified seed potatoes for Irish and red- skinned varieties in early March.
- South: Harden off tomato, pepper, and eggplant transplants. Plant when the soil has warmed above 65 degrees F and the threat of frost is over.
Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.