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Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.

Fruits and Nuts

  • Continue strawberry and grape plantings.
  • Bud apples and peaches.
  • Start planting blackberries. If weather conditions prevent prompt planting, heel the plants in by placing the root system in a trench and covering the soil.


  • Fertilize shrubs (except azaleas and camellias) according to a soil test.
  • Late plantings may be made, particularly if they are container grown.
  • Monitor shrubs for harmful insects.


  • Plant bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, and centipedegrass in south Alabama.
  • Soil test and add limestone as recommended.
  • Fertilize fescue lawns at 1 pound slow-release nitrogen per 1,000 square feet.
  • South: If daytime temps are consistently above 70 degress F, consider applying fire ant bait. Read label carefully for best control.


  • Watch new growth for aphids.
  • Begin a spray or dust program.
  • Begin fertilizing.

Annuals and Perennials

  • South: Plant half-hardy annuals.
  • Check garden centers for bedding plants such as geraniums and petunias.


  • Plant gladiolus every 2 or 3 weeks if a long blooming season is desired.
  • Plant tuberous begonias in pots. Plant dahlias.


  • Check and repair sprayers, dusters, and lawn mowers.
  • Control lawn weeds with chemicals as needed. If weeds are deemed a serious problem, send a soil sample for testing as weeds can indicate the lawn is unhealthy.
  • Delay pruning of fruiting shrubs such as cotoneasters, pyracanthas, and hollies until after flowering.

Vegetable Seeds

  • Central and North: Plant all hardy crops recommended for January and February (garden peas, leafy greens, and root crops).
  • Central and South: Continue planting carrots, lettuce, and radishes. Plant sweet corn and squash. South Alabama can start planting beans, melons, and southern peas in late March.

Vegetable Transplants

  • Central and North: Plant asparagus, onion sets, and lettuce. Plant certified seed potatoes for Irish and red- skinned varieties in early March.
  • South: Harden off tomato, pepper, and eggplant transplants. Plant when the soil has warmed above 65 degrees F and the threat of frost is over.


Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.


Download a PDF of Alabama Gardener’s Calendar – March, ANR-2615.

View the full Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.

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