Lawn & Garden
Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.
Fruits and Nuts
- Set out apples, peaches, pears, and grapes.
- Start grafting pecans. Prune dormant trees.
- Plant shrubs and trees, including broadleaf, narrow leaf, and deciduous.
- Graft camellias in south Alabama.
- Apply an ultrafine horticultural oil spray to all deciduous shrubs to help with control of insects and diseases.
- Spray when weather is on warming trend.
- Soil test and add limestone as recommended.
- Apply preemergent herbicides if forgotten in September and if spring weeds were a concern last year.
- Visit nurseries and garden centers to select varieties.
- Plant roses. Consider old fashioned, disease tolerant cultivars.
Annuals and Perennials
- Plant hardy annuals
- Late plantings of Dutch bulbs will flower if planted now.
- Plant lilies of all types, except Madonna.
- Check stored bulbs and discard rotten ones.
- Make indoor plantings of amaryllis, callas, and gloxinias.
- Prune winter-damaged limbs.
- Give house plants a bath in lukewarm water to remove dust.
- To keep poinsettias that have finished flowering, turn pots on their sides and let them dry completely.
- Cut them back lightly.
- Keep in a temperature of 55 to 60 degrees.
- South: Plant hardy vegetables and root crops (garden peas, radishes, mustard, spinach, turnips). Start cabbage, broccoli, lettuce, and Swiss chard seeds in cold frames.
- South: Plant broccoli, celery, collards, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce transplants, and onion sets.
- South and Central: Plant asparagus in late January.
- Central: Plant cabbage and cauliflower transplants. Wait until the end of January to plant Swiss chard, mustard, transplants, and onion sets.
Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.