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Holly berry tree

Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.

Fruits and Nuts

  • Set out apples, peaches, pears, and grapes.
  • Start grafting pecans. Prune dormant trees.


  • Plant shrubs and trees, including broadleaf, narrow leaf, and deciduous.
  • Graft camellias in south Alabama.
  • Apply an ultrafine horticultural oil spray to all deciduous shrubs to help with control of insects and diseases.
  • Spray when weather is on warming trend.


  • Soil test and add limestone as recommended.
  • Apply preemergent herbicides if forgotten in September and if spring weeds were a concern last year.


  • Visit nurseries and garden centers to select varieties.
  • Plant roses. Consider old fashioned, disease tolerant cultivars.

Annuals and Perennials

  • Plant hardy annuals


  • Late plantings of Dutch bulbs will flower if planted now.
  • Plant lilies of all types, except Madonna.
  • Check stored bulbs and discard rotten ones.
  • Make indoor plantings of amaryllis, callas, and gloxinias.

Evergreen treeMiscellaneous

  • Prune winter-damaged limbs.
  • Give house plants a bath in lukewarm water to remove dust.
  • To keep poinsettias that have finished flowering, turn pots on their sides and let them dry completely.
  • Cut them back lightly.
  • Keep in a temperature of 55 to 60 degrees.

Vegetable Seeds

  • South: Plant hardy vegetables and root crops (garden peas, radishes, mustard, spinach, turnips). Start cabbage, broccoli, lettuce, and Swiss chard seeds in cold frames.

Vegetable Transplants

  • South: Plant broccoli, celery, collards, cabbage, cauliflower, lettuce transplants, and onion sets.
  • South and Central: Plant asparagus in late January.
  • Central: Plant cabbage and cauliflower transplants. Wait until the end of January to plant Swiss chard, mustard, transplants, and onion sets.


Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.


Download a PDF of Alabama Gardener’s Calendar – January, ANR-2613.

View the full Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.

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