Lawn & Garden
Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.
Fruits and Nuts
- Layer grapes and continue spray programs.
- Thin apples and peaches if too thick.
- Lace bugs may be a problem on azaleas, pyracanthas, dogwoods, cherry laurels, and other shrubs.
- Water as needed. Fertilize now.
- Keep long shoots from developing by pinching out tips.
- Take cuttings from semi-mature wood for rooting.
- Apply 1 pound nitrogen per 1,000 square feet to bermudagrass and St. Augustinegrass. Skip this month for fertilizing centipedegrass and zoysiagrass.
- If dollar spot disease is detected, reduce water and fertilizer
- Mow often (5 to 10 days) to remove just 1/3 the grass height at each mowing.
- Water lawns as needed (grayish color or curling leaf blades).
- Planting may continue if soil is moist.
Annuals and Perennials
- Keep old flower heads removed to promote continued flowering. Plant garden mums if not already in.
- For compact mums, keep tips pinched out.
- Monitor for insects and diseases.
- Fertilize with water-soluble fertilizer for a mid-season boost.
- Foliage may be removed from spring bulbs if it has yellowed and is becoming dry.
- Watch for aphids and thrips on summer bulbs.
- If scale insects continue on shrubs, use materials other than oils.
- Set house plants on porch or outdoors in shade and pay close attention to the need for water.
- If desired, air layer house plants.
- Whole state: Continue plantings of beans, sweet corn, southern peas, melons, and okra.
- Whole state: Continue planting April transplant crops.
Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.