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Magnolia Tree

Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.

Fruits and Nuts

  • Layer grapes and continue spray programs.
  • Thin apples and peaches if too thick.


  • Lace bugs may be a problem on azaleas, pyracanthas, dogwoods, cherry laurels, and other shrubs.
  • Water as needed. Fertilize now.
  • Keep long shoots from developing by pinching out tips.
  • Take cuttings from semi-mature wood for rooting.


  • Apply 1 pound nitrogen per 1,000 square feet to bermudagrass and St. Augustinegrass. Skip this month for fertilizing centipedegrass and zoysiagrass.
  • If dollar spot disease is detected, reduce water and fertilizer
  • Mow often (5 to 10 days) to remove just 1/3 the grass height at each mowing.
  • Water lawns as needed (grayish color or curling leaf blades).
  • Planting may continue if soil is moist.

Annuals and Perennials

  • Keep old flower heads removed to promote continued flowering. Plant garden mums if not already in.
  • For compact mums, keep tips pinched out.
  • Monitor for insects and diseases.
  • Fertilize with water-soluble fertilizer for a mid-season boost.


  • Foliage may be removed from spring bulbs if it has yellowed and is becoming dry.
  • Watch for aphids and thrips on summer bulbs.


  • If scale insects continue on shrubs, use materials other than oils.
  • Set house plants on porch or outdoors in shade and pay close attention to the need for water.
  • If desired, air layer house plants.

Vegetable Seeds

  • Whole state: Continue plantings of beans, sweet corn, southern peas, melons, and okra.

Vegetable Transplants

  • Whole state: Continue planting April transplant crops.


Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.


Download a PDF of Alabama Gardener’s Calendar – June, ANR-2618.

View the full Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.

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