Lawn & Garden
Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.
Fruits and Nuts
- Protect figs and other ripening fruit from birds.
- Continue to root shrub cuttings until late in the month and mulch to keep soil moist.
- Remove faded blooms promptly from crape myrtle and other summer-blooming plants.
- Apply 1 pound nitrogen per 1,000 square feet to all warm-season lawn types: bermudagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, and zoysiagrass.
- Mow often (5 to 10 days) to remove just 1/3 the grass height at each mowing.
- Water lawns as needed (grayish color or curling leaf blades).
- Keep roses healthy and actively growing.
- Apply fertilizer.
- Wash off foliage to prevent burning if any fertilizer falls on plants.
Annuals and Perennials
- Water as needed to keep plants active.
- Dead head or cut back for later summer blooms.
- Plant iris and spider lilies late this month.
- Keeping flowers, shrubs, trees, and lawns healthy is the major task this month.
- Observe closely for insects and diseases.
- Water as plants indicate need.
- Whole state: Plant pumpkins for fall harvest. Continue plantings of beans, southern peas, squash, and cucumber.
- North: Plant cabbage, carrots, and cauliflower. Wait until late July to plant beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collards, and kohlrabi, or start them in flats for transplant later.
- South and Central: Start seeds in flats for August and September transplants, inckuding beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, collards, kale, lettuce, mustard, radishes, and spinach.
- Whole state: Plant a second season of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant for fall harvest.
- North: Plant certified seed potatoes for Irish and red- skinned varieties in late July.
Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.