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Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.

Fruits and Nuts

  • Protect figs and other ripening fruit from birds.


  • Continue to root shrub cuttings until late in the month and mulch to keep soil moist.
  • Remove faded blooms promptly from crape myrtle and other summer-blooming plants.


  • Apply 1 pound nitrogen per 1,000 square feet to all warm-season lawn types: bermudagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, and zoysiagrass.
  • Mow often (5 to 10 days) to remove just 1/3 the grass height at each mowing.
  • Water lawns as needed (grayish color or curling leaf blades).


  • Keep roses healthy and actively growing.
  • Apply fertilizer.
  • Wash off foliage to prevent burning if any fertilizer falls on plants.

Annuals and Perennials

  • Water as needed to keep plants active.
  • Dead head or cut back for later summer blooms.


  • Plant iris and spider lilies late this month.


  • Keeping flowers, shrubs, trees, and lawns healthy is the major task this month.
  • Observe closely for insects and diseases.
  • Water as plants indicate need.

WatermelonsVegetable Seeds

  • Whole state: Plant pumpkins for fall harvest. Continue plantings of beans, southern peas, squash, and cucumber.
  • North: Plant cabbage, carrots, and cauliflower. Wait until late July to plant beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collards, and kohlrabi, or start them in flats for transplant later.
  • South and Central: Start seeds in flats for August and September transplants, inckuding beets, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower, collards, kale, lettuce, mustard, radishes, and spinach.

Vegetable Transplants

  • Whole state: Plant a second season of tomatoes, peppers, and eggplant for fall harvest.
  • North: Plant certified seed potatoes for Irish and red- skinned varieties in late July.


Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.


Download a PDF of Alabama Gardener’s Calendar – July, ANR-2619.

View the full Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.

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