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Red berries

Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.

Fruits and Nuts

  • Plant young pecan and other deciduous fruit trees and grapes.
  • Select budwood.
  • Start dormant pruning of established fruits.
  • Protect all young trees from rabbit damage by placing wire around the base of the tree.
  • Put on dormant oil spays for scale.


  • Planting is still the main activity but delay in case of freezing weather.
  • Get your soil tested and be prepared for spring gardening.


  • Perform a soil test to determine if limestone is recommended and apply it any time this month.
  • Dig out wild garlic, chickweed, Poa annua, dandelion, and other winter weeds.


  • Add plants to rose garden.
  • Mulch all plantings.

Annuals and Perennials

  • Plant hardy annual seed without delay. Have you thought about violas?


  • Continue spring bulb planting.


  • Shrubs, trees, and indoor plants make excellent gifts.


Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.


Download a PDF of Alabama Gardener’s Calendar – December, ANR-2624.

View the full Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.

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