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Pink flower

Learn—month by month—the necessary gardening activities for lawns and shrubs, annuals and perennials, fruit and nut trees, and bulbs, roots, and tubers. Included is a timeline for activities such as soil testing, planting, pruning, fertilizing, pruning, mulching, indoor plantings—from cauliflower to okra, from camellias to dahlias to heirloom roses.

Fruits and Nuts

  • Season for strawberry planting continues.
  • Start spray program for all fruits.
  • Plant raspberries and blackberries and continue budding apples and peaches.


  • Prune spring flowering shrubs after flowering.
  • Fertilize azaleas and camellias.
  • Spray all shrubs with a fungicide as new growth begins to mature.


  • Planting new lawns continues.
  • When daytime temperatures are consistently above 70 degrees F, apply fire ant bait. Read the label carefully for best control.
  • Start a mowing routine as spring growth begins.
  • Monitor the thatch layer in bermudagrass and zoysiagrass lawns. Dethatch if thicker than 1⁄2 inch. Wait until active growth.
  • Monitor for fungal disease in wet, cool weather.
  • Fertilize warm-season lawns after fully green.


  • Watch for insects and diseases.
  • Keep old flower heads removed.
  • Plant container-grown plants from nurseries or garden centers.

Annuals and Perennials

  • Plant early started annuals or bedding plants from nurseries or garden centers.
  • Divide mums or root cuttings. Dig and divide dahlias.


  • Plant gladiolus, fancy-leaved caladiums, milk and wine lilies, and ginger and gloriosa lilies.
  • Apply super phosphate to bearded iris and scout for iris borer moth caterpillars.
  • Avoid cutting foliage of narcissus or other bulbs until it has turned brown naturally.


  • Spray camellias, hollies, etc., for scale insects.
  • Carefully water new plantings of shrubs and trees.
  • Pinch out tips of new shoots to promote more compact shrubs.

Vegetable Seeds

  • South: Plant heat-loving crops, such as okra. Continue planting other frost-tender crops.
  • South and Central: Continue planting frost tender vegetables (beans, southern peas, corn, squash, melons, and cucumbers).
  • North: Wait until late April to plant beans, cucumbers, melons, southern peas, and squash. Plant sweet corn each week for a staggered summer harvest.

Vegetable Transplants

  • Whole state: Plant transplants of tomato, pepper, and eggplant.
  • South: Plant certified sweet potato slips.
  • North and Central: Plant sweet potato slips in late April.


Call the Master Gardener Helpline at (877) 252-4769. A Master Gardener Extension volunteer is waiting to answer your call.


Download a PDF of Alabama Gardener’s Calendar – April, ANR-2616.

View the full Alabama Gardener’s Calendar.

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