Soil health is the ability of soil to perform functions that support life on earth. It provides food, fiber, and energy to sustain human life. Soil also protects our natural resources by filtering water and decomposing harmful chemicals.

It is important to rebuild soil health to conserve this natural resource for use by future generations. Practices such as reduced tillage and cover cropping can increase organic matter and improve soil health in Alabama.

A healthy soil includes high organic matter content, optimal nutrients and pH for plant growth, stable soil aggregates to promote water infiltration, a large population of beneficial organisms, and no contamination.