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Commercial Horticulture: Making a Difference in the Food System

The Commercial Horticulture Program provides multidimensional research-based information, support services, and training to a growing horticulture industry across Alabama. This includes the nursery and landscape industry and specialty…

5 min read

Escape Vapes

Adolescent Health Issue
Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use among high school students has increased at a staggering rate. According to the United States Surgeon General, e-cigarette use is higher among youth than adults and has…

2 min read

Plantings for Wildlife

Three of the most important requirements for game and nongame wildlife are shelter (cover), food, and water. Increasing or decreasing the abundance of a particular wildlife species on your property will be a matter of altering the relativ…

8 min read

Home Orchards Disease and Insect Control Recommendations

Apple and Pear

Apple and pear trees are subject to serious damage from pests. As a result, a preventive spray program is needed. The following practices will improve the effectiveness of the pesticides and may lessen the need…

6 min read

Canker and Dieback Diseases of Leyland Cypress

Within the last decade, Leyland cypress has been widely used in residential and commercial landscapes across Alabama not only as a specimen tree, screen, or hedge, but also as a Christmas tree. Popularity of this tree, which is a hybrid of …

6 min read

The Brown Recluse Spider

People are often afraid of spiders because of their ill-deserved reputation for envenomizing victims. In fact, most spiders do not have mouthparts strong enough to penetrate skin. Spiders are considered beneficial arthropods b…

4 min read

Plastic Mulch for Vegetable Production

The use of plastic polyethylene mulch in fruit and vegetable production is a common practice in Alabama. Among the crops for which it’s used are strawberry, watermelon, muskmelon, tomato, pepper, cucumber, squash, and brassicas such as co…

3 min read

Milling Dimensions: Characteristics of Portable Sawmill Owners and Operators

Landowners harvest trees from their property for many reasons. Often this is done as part of a regularly scheduled timber harvest such as a thinning or final harvest. But there are times when cutting older trees in a small area to impro…

8 min read

Garden Bugs: Managing Soil Pests in the Garden

Managing Soil Pests in the Garden is part two of three in the Garden Bugs series.
General Recommendations
Many soil insect pest populations reach high numbers in grass or turf, and home gardens are often established in areas previously co…

4 min read

Economic Impact of a New 300-Head Cow-Calf Operation in Alabama

The entry of a new 300-head cow-calf operation in Alabama causes a measurable increase in economic activity within the state in terms of ongoing annual operations. Consider the following total economic activity created during the first full…

2 min read

Garden Bugs: Managing Above-Ground Pests in the Garden

Managing Above-Ground Pests in the Garden is part three of three in the Garden Bugs series.

Nonchemical methods for managing garden pests that feed on the foliage and fruit of garden vegetables.
Aphids

To repel aphids, anchor alumi…

6 min read

Garden Bugs: Making Your Garden Vegetables Less Susceptible to Insect Damage

Making Your Garden Vegetables Less Susceptible to Insect Damage is part one of three in the Garden Bugs series.

How can I keep “bad bugs” out of my garden?

How can I attract “good bugs” to my garden?

How can I control slugs…

5 min read

Harvesting Pine Straw for Profit: Questions Landowners Should Ask Themselves

Production of nontimber forest products such as pine straw can be a good way for forestland owners to earn an income, especially when traditional timber markets are down. Pine straw consists of the needles that fall from pine trees. Fre…

13 min read

Kudzu Control in Residential Areas

Kudzu control is often a frustrating problem in residential settings. It frequently grows unchecked along woodland edges near homes, in vacant lots, and along property lines. Its aggressive nature makes it seem literally uncontrollable in t…

5 min read

The Culture of Camellias: The State Flower of Alabama

Origin and History 
From the ancient temple gardens of China and Japan, through the ornate conservatories of eighteenth-century Europe, to the stately plantations of America’s nineteenth-century South, the camellia has been a pampered a…

22 min read