Many soils in Alabama have low levels of soil organic matter due to the warm climate, coarse-textured soils and intensive farming practices historically used in the state. Rebuilding soil health is important! Soil is a natural resource we must work to conserve for future generations. Practices such as reduced tillage and cover cropping can increase organic matter and improve soil health. There are several important ways producers can improve soil health.
Properties of a Healthy Soil
- High organic matter content.
- Optimal nutrients and pH for plant growth.
- Stable aggregates to promote water infiltration.
- Large population of beneficial organisms.
- No compaction layers.
- No contamination.