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Forestry

Felling & Skidding

Issue:
Felling and skidding may affect the visual impact of the harvest area.

Objective:
Manage the effect of felling and skidding on visual quality.

Considerations:

  • Equipment selection with respect to ground conditions.
  • Efficient utilization
  • Water quality
Avoid:
  • Excessive rutting
  • Leaving high stumps and damaged, broken, and hung trees
  • Poor utilization
  • Exposing mineral soil on steep slopes
  • Felling or leaving tree tops in waterways
  • Excessive stream crossings
  • Damaging residual trees

Recommended Practices: Clearcutting

Dead Tree
Photo: Westvaco Corporation

Leave trees with aesthetic beauty or wildlife benefit.
Leave trees with aesthetic beauty or wildlife benefit.
Photo: Hancock Timber Resource Group

Level #1: Least Sensitive
  • Follow logging standards and guidelines which meet harvest quality requirements.

Level #2: Moderately Sensitive

  • Cut all stumps as low to the ground as possible.
  • Lay out hillside skid trails to minimize their visibility and exposure of mineral soil.
  • Minimize stream crossings.
  • Stop harvesting operations if soil becomes wet enough to cause excessive rutting.
  • Fell and remove all merchantable trees.
  • Trees with aesthetic beauty or wildlife benefit may be left if desired.


Level #3: Most Sensitive
  • Cut all stumps as low to the ground as possible.
  • Lay out hillside skid trails to minimize their visibility and exposure of mineral soil.
  • Minimize stream crossings.
  • Stop harvesting operations if soil becomes wet enough to cause excessive rutting.
  • Fell all trees within the clearcut area unless left for wildlife or aesthetic beauty (dogwood, redbud, and other flowering species).
  • Achieve maximum utilization
  • Leave wildlife trees near the edge of openings so they will blend into the timbered background
  • Fell all broken, damaged and bent over trees.


"When thinning, consider establishing operating corridors parallel to highways or viewing areas."

 

Recommended Practices: Thinning/Selection

Level #1: Least Sensitive
  • Follow logging standards which meet harvest quality requirements and management objectives.

Level #2: Moderately Sensitive

  • Cut all stumps as low to the ground as possible.
  • Fell all hung and bent trees.
  • Consider establishing operating corridors parallel to highway or viewing area.
  • Remove all excessively damaged trees.
  • Minimize damaging residual trees.
  • Consider lopping tops down to a maximum height of 3 feet within 50 feet of highway viewing area.
Level #3: Most Sensitive
  • Cut all stumps as low to the ground as possible.
  • Fell all hung and bent trees.
  • Establishing operating corridors parallel to highway or viewing area.
  • Remove all excessively damaged trees.
  • Consider removing or lopping tops down to a maximum height of 2 feet within 100 feet of highway viewing area.
  • Consider establishing viewing zones by intermittent removal of under growth along travel routes.