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Nutrient Requirements of Beef Cattle

Understanding beef cattle nutrient requirements is a critical step in developing a nutritional management strategy for the herd. Nutritional decision making is
a key factor determining beef cattle production and profitability. Adeq…

2 min read

Sheep Production in the Southeast

The Southeast offers economic and ecological advantages to developing a profitable sheep flock that include a temperate climate free from extreme temperatures, potential for year-round forage availability, and a variety of marketing…

18 min read

Vaccinations for the Beef Cattle Herd

Vaccination programs for beef cattle herds are designed to protect the animals from diseases caused by infectious organisms such as viruses, bacteria, and protozoans. Vaccines stimulate an animal’s immune system to produce a prote…

11 min read

Nutrient Content of Fertilizer Materials

This is a quick reference guide to the nutrient contents of fertilizer materials, broken down by primary and secondary nutrient sources (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sulfur), as well as micronutrien…

1 min read

Livestock Carcass Disposal

An unfortunate consequence of owning and raising livestock is the inevitable death of some animals, despite even the best animal husbandry and veterinary care. Livestock owners and custodians must therefore understand methods of res…

2 min read

Management Practices to Reduce Grass Tetany

Grass tetany, also known as hypomagnesia, is a nutritional problem for grazing beef and dairy animals. It is often observed when cattle are grazing lush, actively growing cool-season pastures that have been well- fertilized with nit…

4 min read

Nitrate Poisoning of Cattle in Alabama

Nitrate poisoning in cattle is caused by the consumption of feed or water containing high levels of nitrate nitrogen. Under most circumstances, forage crops do not contain levels of nitrates high enough to be toxic. When this does o…

3 min read

Financial Assistance

Producers implementing conservation techniques on-farm are eligible for financial assistance through the United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resource Conservation Service. There are several forms of assistance available. These p…

3 min read

Essential Plant Nutrients

The ABCs and NPKs of Plant Nutrition
 Plant Elements from Air and Water
There are 16 elements necessary for plant growth. About 80 to 90 percent of the fresh weight of a living plant is water, H2O. Thus, hydrogen and oxygen are two of t…

7 min read

Understanding Soil pH

Measuring Acidity and Alkalinity
Soil pH is a measurement of the hydrogen ion concentration (H+) in solution. The pH is measured on a scale from 1 to 14 in solution (pH is reported as the negative logarithm of the hydrogen ion activity). A…

4 min read

High Tunnels and Other Season Extension Techniques

Getting Started With Season Extension Techniques
Spurred by enthusiasm for fresh, local agricultural products, farmers are increasing the availability of their crops beyond the traditional outdoor growing season. Premium prices and an exte…

7 min read

Hurricane Deals Heavy Blow to Alabama Agriculture

AUBURN UNIVERSITY, Ala.—Hurricane Michael caused almost $204 million in agricultural damage alone as it moved across Alabama. Alabama Cooperative Extension System Director Gary Lemme called it a devastating blow to farmers in the state’…

2 min read

Crop Insurance Not a Guaranteed Payout for Farmers

AUBURN UNIVERSITY, Ala.—Insurance companies will be busy processing claims and assessing damages, as residents affected by Hurricane Michael work to recover. Crop insurance agents and adjusters, in tandem with Extension agents and other g…

3 min read

High Tunnel Vegetable Production

High tunnels are unheated, plastic-covered, solar greenhouses. Ventilation is passive through roll-up or roll-down side walls or curtains. Crops are grown in native soil under the high tunnel, which protects them from environmental extremes…

2 min read

Important Tips for Insecticide Applications and Equipment

Insect pests can cause major crop loss or contamination if not managed timely. We are generally very careful about choosing the right insecticide, but we forget to check the condition of the spray equipment that leads to insect control fail…

3 min read