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Young father and son with cows in the background.

AUBURN UNIVERSITY, Ala.—In mid-May, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) released information on a food assistance program for agricultural producers. To date, producers in Alabama have seen more than $47 million in payments from the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program (CFAP). Nearly 8,000 producers applied for assistance through June 19.

Payments to dairy farmers totaled more than $600 thousand, while the highest total payments were for non-specialty crops—totaling $11 million.

CFAP was designed to provide up to $16 billion in direct payments to deliver relief to America’s farmers and ranchers who have been directly impacted by the coronavirus pandemic.

Alabama Cooperative Extension System economist Max Runge said these payments are very important to Alabama producers.

“While this doesn’t replace all of financial losses it does provide some much needed relief and cash flow that is so vital to not only the producers but the businesses that provide inputs,” Runge said. “Not all commodities were included in this program these payments are provide relief to the agricultural community in Alabama.”

The Alabama Cooperative Extension System’s Farm and Agribusiness Management team will be working closely with FSA offices and USDA Service Centers to guide producers through the application process.

Eligibility

Jessica Kelton, the Farm and Agribusiness Management team leader, said the monetary assistance is unique and much needed.coronavirus food assistance program (CFAP)

“The COVID-19 pandemic has plunged many of our farmers into more difficult situations,” said Kelton, who is also an agronomic crops regional agent. “So many producers were already struggling after a dry year with an uncertain market. Now, there are a lot of producers with wasted products because of the market declines related to the pandemic.”

The CFAP program specifically targets producers of agricultural products who have suffered a five percent or greater price decline, as well as losses, because of market supply chain disruptions.

Eligible commodities are divided into five groups.

  • Non-specialty crops
  • Wool
  • Livestock
  • Dairy
  • Specialty crops

A complete list of specialty crops is available in the Alabama Extension content piece, Applying for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program through Farm Services Agency.

Alabama Extension economist, Max Runge, said unprecedented was a word used to describe many aspects of the coronavirus pandemic, but the payments to farmers as a result of this virus really are unprecedented.

“In my years as an agricultural economist, we’ve not seen assistance payments as a result of a pandemic,” Runge said. “While we’ve been in uncharted territory for an extended period of time with COVID-19, the farmers in Alabama have continued to operate their farms as usual facing adversity and uncertain markets. I am thankful that the importance of their work is being recognized through these payments.”

Applications

USDA will begin accepting applications today, Tuesday, May 26. Producers may submit applications through August 28.

Runge said FSA offices will have an increased volume of applications and phone calls, so patience on the part of the producer will be appreciated. USDA Service Centers will schedule appointments by phone only. USDA will accept applications by email, scan or fax. Extension professionals recommend contacting the local FSA office before sending applications.

Farmers can prepare for appointments by gathering records of recent farm sales and agricultural product inventories. Required application information includes

  • name and address
  • personal information, including Tax ID number
  • farm operating structure
  • adjusted gross income
  • direct deposit information

Necessary forms are available by visiting farmers.gov/cfap.

Shortage Fears this Spring

Ken Kelley, also an Alabama Extension economist, said the financial assistance for producers comes at a time when many livestock and dairy producers find themselves receiving prices well below the 10 year average, even as consumers see higher prices in the grocery stores.

“There were significant supply chain and processing issues earlier in the spring,” Kelley said. “However, the U.S. was and is amid record production of beef, pork and poultry. The issue was not availability of animals, but the logistics of processing and movement.”

While the situation is certainly improving, Kelley said it will be a while before processors catch back up to supply.

“In the meantime, the backlog of supply will continue to hold producer prices at lower levels,” Kelley said. “CFAP will be a welcome assistance as producers work through the effects of COVID-19 on agricultural processors and markets.”

Payment Structure

In order to ensure the availability of funding throughout the application period, producers will receive 80 percent of the maximum total payment for their operation upon approval of the application. Producers will receive remaining payments as funds are available.

More Information

Find more information from Alabama Extension’s Farm and Agribusiness Management team in the content piece, Applying for the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program through Farm Services Agency.

Read more about the Coronavirus Food Assistance Program at www.farmers.gov/cfap. Additional and more detailed information from the USDA is available via their website, www.usda.gov.

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