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Tomato Insect Pests and Scouting Methods: Flea Beetle

*This is an excerpt from Tomato Insect Pests and Scouting Methods, ANR-2206.
Plant Injury
Seedling leaves; defoliation threatening on a <6-inch plant; 3–4 generations can damage a lot of crop
Sampling Method & Economic Threshold…

Tomato Insect Pests and Scouting Methods: Aphids

*This is an excerpt from Tomato Insect Pests and Scouting Methods, ANR-2206.
Plant Injury
Leaves, stem; early season pest
Sampling Method & Economic Threshold (ET)

Record the number of leaves with wingless or nonmigratory aphids…

Tomato Insect Pests and Scouting Methods

Always identify insects correctly and decide if they are beneficial or pests before making a treatment decision. Seek the help of a regional Extension agent or send samples to the Pest Diagnostic Lab in Auburn or Birmingham. Readers are enc…

2 min read

Beef Conformation: Hip Structure

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

The two points of reference to be aware of in evaluating the hip are the hooks and pins. Both points are identified in Figures 16 and 17, with the pins being the point …

Beef Conformation: Evaluating Structure from the Front

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

From the front, cattle whose hooves are faced forward are ideal. The steer shown in figure 14 is a good example of both hooves pointing directly forward. Much as it is …

Beef Conformation: Evaluating Structure from the Rear

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

When evaluating beef cattle from the rear, hooves of the animal should point forward. However, that is not the case in a large number of beef cattle. In many instances,…

Beef Conformation: Front Legs

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

The alignment of joints in the front leg also plays a considerable role in the structural correctness and mobility of a beef animal. More than 50 percent of the animal…

Beef Conformation: Hind Legs

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

Hind leg structure is one of the primary indicators of an animal’s ability to move efficiently. Evaluating cattle while they are walking is one of the most efficient …

Cowpea Curculio in Alabama

This video is dedicated to ongoing research on cowpea curculio management in southern peas or cowpeas. Research on this major insect pest started in 2014 and has continued expand with grower demand for information. For further information o…

1 min read

Beef Conformation: Pasterns

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

Pasterns are also important to consider when evaluating structural correctness in beef cattle. The pastern is generally understood to be the joint between the cannon bo…

Beef Conformation: Hooves

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

The hoof is one of the more complex aspects to consider when evaluating structural soundness. Problems with the hoof, such as excessive or uneven toe growth, may be cau…

Beef Conformation Basics

Beef cattle producers now have more tools than ever to help them evaluate the genetic merit of animals to be used as parents of the next generation. A balance between visual appraisal and genetic potential is key to successfully sel…

3 min read

Northern Harrier

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

Though most raptors hunt from high above, the northern harrier is frequently seen hunting just a few feet above the ground in marshes and grasslands. Commonly referr…

Sharp-Shinned Hawk

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

Averaging less than 7 ounces, the sharp-shinned hawk is one of Alabama’s smallest raptors. Most of Alabama falls only within its winter range, but they are found y…

Broad-Winged Hawk

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

With similar habitat preferences to the red-shouldered hawk, the broad-winged hawk can sometimes be difficult to distinguish, but several characteristics set it apar…