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Spider Mite Scouting and Management in Vegetable Crops

Spider mites are technically not insects, but they are pests when they are in high numbers under many farming conditions. For example, high tunnel and greenhouse environment are perfect conditions since spider mites like it hot and dry. Po…

4 min read

Slug Management in Vegetables

Frequent rainfall and excessive soil moisture in the fall and early spring can bring some unusual problems for vegetable gardeners and farmers – slugs are one of them (pictures show slugs infesting cabbages in Central Alabama). Slug build…

3 min read

About Soils

Soils provide plants with mechanical support, water, and dissolved minerals and nutrients. Because most plant roots are found in the topsoil, or A horizon, this layer has the greatest effect on plant growth. A typical soil in good condition…

3 min read

How to Grow Your Oyster Garden

Welcome to a new oyster gardening season. New volunteers, we are happy to have you join us; seasoned volunteers, it is great to have you back. This fact sheet will tell you everything you need to know to get started with your oyster garden….

2 min read

Understanding NOP Standards for Pest Management in Specialty Crops

This publication provides basic information about the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) standards as they apply to integrated pest management on organic crops. NOP standards reflect specific requirements that must be verified by a USDA-ac…

5 min read

Adapting Wheat Production to Climate in Alabama

The production of soft red winter wheat is mainly concentrated in the northern Alabama (the Northern Valley and the northeastern region of the Appalachian Mountains in Alabama) followed by the southern part (the Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast…

3 min read

Worms on Tomatoes

Scouting and monitoring your garden for pests at least two to three times per week can greatly reduce the damage that is acquired from insects. It is also very helpful to use a 10X hand lens to help identify small insects and insect eggs. K…

4 min read

Snails and Slugs in Peanuts

There have been many producer complaints about snail and slug issues in row crops. Snails (with a hard shell, see picture) and slugs (without a shell) can cause direct crop damage and contamination in severe cases. Snails produce an acidic …

2 min read

Introduction to Conservation Systems

Soil conservation is an important part of conservation cropping systems. There are many benefits for producers who choose to employ soil conservation practices on-farm.

Learn more about conservation systems in this video featuring inform…

1 min read

Planting Date and Variety Selection Effects on Wheat Yield

Planting the right variety at the right time best ensures that wheat flowers at the optimal time, namely when the risk for freeze damage is at its lowest but before the onslaught of heat stress. Soil moisture conditions are another critical…

7 min read

Soil Health Stewards: Ricky Wiggins

Alabama Soil Health Stewards: Ricky Wiggins, Wiggins Farm
Ricky Wiggins discusses soil health stewardship. Wiggins operates Wiggins Farm in Andalusia, Alabama in Covington County. The family farm has been operating for more than 45 years.

1 min read

Introducing Annuals in Grazed Pastures

Annual cover crops introduce quality forage at opportune times of the year, help to create more diverse farm habitats, and provide opportunities to rejuvenate pastureland. Overseeding summer perennial pastures with winter annuals can provid…

1 min read

Commercial Horticulture Programs and People

The Commercial Horticulture Program provides research-based information to nurseries, landscape companies, and fruit and vegetable growers with conventional or organic production systems through regional meetings, advanced workshops, we…

2 min read

A Guide to Grazing Cover Crops in Cropland

Cover crops are an important part of conservation agricultural systems in the southeastern United States. If managed properly, grazing of cover crops can add economic value to farm operations while improving soil health. Studies have shown …

1 min read