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High Tunnel Construction

High tunnels are unheated, plastic-covered, structures, usually with passive ventilation through roll-up or roll-down side walls. Height varies from 6 feet to more than 17 feet, depending on the crop grown and the equipment used. Typical hi…

3 min read

Home Garden Vegetables, Insect Control Recommendations

Making Your Garden Vegetables Less Susceptible to Insect Damage
Integrated pest management or IPM is the judicious use of multiple pest management tactics when pest populations reach above the action threshold. The action threshold is simp…

10 min read

Nutrient Removal by Alabama Crops

Nutrient removal should be an important consideration in overall soil fertility management for Alabama farmers. However, fertilizing based solely on nutrient removal could lead to nutrient deficiencies or result in overuse  of some fertili…

3 min read

No-till Cantaloupe and Cover Crop Management

Research and Extension professionals have been studying the effects of cover crop management in conjunction with vegetables, such as cantaloupe. There are several different cover crops management methods cantaloupe growers can utilize in or…

1 min read

Vegetable Planter for High-Residue Systems

Farmers can modify conventional vegetable planters for use in high-residue conservation systems.

Because conservation systems do not plow, the transplanter must be able to:

Break compacted soil layers, while disturbing surface soil …

1 min read

Roller/Crimper for Walk-Behind Tractors

Producers use roller/crimpers in conservation farming systems to terminate cover crops that are near maturity in order to plant cash crops.

A new roller/crimper designed for self-propelled, walk-behind tractors allows growers with small …

1 min read

Organic High Tunnel Cover Crop Soil Management

High tunnels extend the spring, fall and winter growing season in southern climates. During the summer, it can be difficult to grow anything more than the most drought-tolerant crops. Summer is the prime time to grow a cover crop in a high …

1 min read

No-till Vegetable Cover Crops

There are several different management options for vegetables, like cantaloupe. One option is to use a roller/crimper and terminate the cover crop without cutting the stems. Producers can also terminate cover crops by mowing. Mowing, howeve…

1 min read

Equipment Modifications for High-Residue Systems

Setting up equipment for operation in high-residue systems in critical to ensure the establishment of optimum plant stands.

Set row cleaners to move residue away from the plant row without trenching into the soil surface. Make adjustment…

1 min read

Rollers for Terminating Cover Crops

Rollers are an option used by farmers to flatten and kill cover crops before planting a cash crop, alone or in conjunction with chemical termination.

Rollers differ in several ways:

Cost and ease of assembly.
Weight and horsepowe…

1 min read

Terminating Your Cover Crop

Termination timing is something all producers deal with each spring. All production decisions impact the profitability of farming operations, so sound decision making is key to a profitable cash crop and a beneficial cover crop.

There is…

1 min read

Trap Crops for Managing Insects

Many insect pests with piercing and sucking mouthparts have become major economic pests of fruit and vegetable crops grown in Alabama. These insects are polyphagus, meaning that they feed on numerous plant species, such as grasses and broad…

5 min read

Management Options for Chinese Tallowtree

Chinese tallowtree, Triadica sebifera (L.) Small, is one of the most invasive trees in the southeastern United States. It is a classic example of a plant introduced into the United States with good intentions but with very bad outcomes. 

4 min read

Peanut-Cotton Response to Residual Herbicides

Cover crops can provide many benefits to peanut and cotton rotations. Especially in terms of suppressing weeds, conserving soil moisture for planting, increasing soil organic matter, and reducing soil erosion. However, in fields where resid…

1 min read

Managing a Cover Crop

Careful management is essential to maximize benefits from a cover crop. This is no different from the care and intensive management farmers invest in cash crops. Planting quality seed at recommended rates and depths to ensure adequate bioma…

1 min read