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Introduction to High Tunnel Pest Exclusion (HTPE) System

Pest prevention is a critical tactic for specialty crop producers. The HTPE system is aimed at reducing the entry of large insect pests and has worked really well to stop leaffooted bugs, stink bugs, armyworms, loopers, and hornworms. Check…

1 min read

Strategies for Using Baleage in Beef Cattle Operations

Haylage and baleage are terms often used interchangeably. Haylage is harvested forage ensiled at 40 to 60 percent moisture. Dry hay, haylage, and silage are all methods of producing stored forage reserves, but each differ in their p…

3 min read

Mineral Requirements for Beef Cattle in Alabama

Minerals needed in amounts greater than 100 parts per million (ppm) are considered macrominerals. Those required in amounts less than 100 ppm are microminerals, or trace minerals. The daily requirements for macro- and microminerals …

3 min read

Considerations for Mineral Supplementation in Cow-Calf Operations

Consumption Levels
The inclusion of salt in mineral mixes can encourage or discourage mineral consumption and regulate intake rates. Salt is usually added to encourage the consumption of trace minerals since cattle do not naturally c…

3 min read

Beef Conformation: Pasterns

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

Pasterns are also important to consider when evaluating structural correctness in beef cattle. The pastern is generally understood to be the joint between the cannon bo…

Beef Conformation: Hooves

*This is an excerpt from Beef Conformation Basics, ANR-1452.

The hoof is one of the more complex aspects to consider when evaluating structural soundness. Problems with the hoof, such as excessive or uneven toe growth, may be cau…

Beef Conformation Basics

Beef cattle producers now have more tools than ever to help them evaluate the genetic merit of animals to be used as parents of the next generation. A balance between visual appraisal and genetic potential is key to successfully sel…

3 min read

Northern Harrier

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

Though most raptors hunt from high above, the northern harrier is frequently seen hunting just a few feet above the ground in marshes and grasslands. Commonly referr…

Sharp-Shinned Hawk

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

Averaging less than 7 ounces, the sharp-shinned hawk is one of Alabama’s smallest raptors. Most of Alabama falls only within its winter range, but they are found y…

Broad-Winged Hawk

*This is an excerpt from Common Birds of Prey in Alabama, ANR – 1386.

With similar habitat preferences to the red-shouldered hawk, the broad-winged hawk can sometimes be difficult to distinguish, but several characteristics set it apar…