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El Niño-Southern Oscillation and Its Impact on Alabama’s Climate

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is an ocean- atmospheric phenomenon that affects the temperature and precipitation in Alabama in all seasons. Although ENSO predictability in the state is highest in the winter, it is highly variable in …

5 min read

Adapting Corn Production to Climate in Alabama

Corn is one of Alabama’s most important row crops. Alabama farmers usually harvest more than half a million acres of corn each year. Corn is grown as a part of crop rotation systems that include cotton and peanuts. Although corn is plante…

3 min read

Spider Mite Scouting and Management in Vegetable Crops

Spider mites are technically not insects, but they are pests when they are in high numbers under many farming conditions. For example, high tunnel and greenhouse environment are perfect conditions since spider mites like it hot and dry. Po…

4 min read

Slug Management in Vegetables

Frequent rainfall and excessive soil moisture in the fall and early spring can bring some unusual problems for vegetable gardeners and farmers – slugs are one of them (pictures show slugs infesting cabbages in Central Alabama). Slug build…

3 min read

About Soils

Soils provide plants with mechanical support, water, and dissolved minerals and nutrients. Because most plant roots are found in the topsoil, or A horizon, this layer has the greatest effect on plant growth. A typical soil in good condition…

3 min read

How to Grow Your Oyster Garden

Welcome to a new oyster gardening season. New volunteers, we are happy to have you join us; seasoned volunteers, it is great to have you back. This fact sheet will tell you everything you need to know to get started with your oyster garden….

2 min read

Understanding NOP Standards for Pest Management in Specialty Crops

This publication provides basic information about the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) standards as they apply to integrated pest management on organic crops. NOP standards reflect specific requirements that must be verified by a USDA-ac…

5 min read

Adapting Wheat Production to Climate in Alabama

The production of soft red winter wheat is mainly concentrated in the northern Alabama (the Northern Valley and the northeastern region of the Appalachian Mountains in Alabama) followed by the southern part (the Coastal Plain and Gulf Coast…

3 min read

Worms on Tomatoes

Scouting and monitoring your garden for pests at least two to three times per week can greatly reduce the damage that is acquired from insects. It is also very helpful to use a 10X hand lens to help identify small insects and insect eggs. K…

4 min read

Snails and Slugs in Peanuts

There have been many producer complaints about snail and slug issues in row crops. Snails (with a hard shell, see picture) and slugs (without a shell) can cause direct crop damage and contamination in severe cases. Snails produce an acidic …

2 min read