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Erosion Control & Wildlife Plantings for Forestry Operations

More than 60 percent of the land area in Alabama and Georgia is forested. Timber management creates openings in the form of roads, stream crossings, log decks, skid trails, and firebreaks. Establishing vegetative cover on these areas reduces soil erosion and prevents offsite sediment.

In addition to protecting the soil, a vegetative cover can enhance wildlife habitat by providing nutritious forage. The purpose of this publication is to provide forest land managers with a variety of seeding mixtures that will stabilize sites and provide benefits to many species of wildlife.

Establishing vegetation includes selecting the proper plant species, preparing the site, liming, fertilizing, seeding, and mulching. Vegetation often requires maintenance after establishment.

With the intensity of forest management increasing every year, there is a growing opportunity to improve wildlife habitat quality. Most wildlife species need a diversity of food and cover which can be enhanced through wildlife plantings. Moreover, the value of wildlife plantings for many species including white-tailed deer, wild turkey, quail, rabbits, and certain songbirds has been firmly established. Research has shown that high quality plantings attract wildlife and can even increase wildlife populations.


This publication was made possible through the efforts of the following individuals who served as technical committee members:

Stan Arrington, Weyerhaeuser Company
Roy Deason, Pennington Seed, Inc.
Micah Goldstein, Georgia Pacific Corporation
Charles Johnson, Johnson Erosion Control
Jerry Johnson, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Kent Kammermeyer, Georgia Department of Natural Resources
Earl Norton, Norton & Associates
Francis Palmer, Georgia Pacific Corporation
Ken Rogers, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Stan Stewart, Alabama Game and Fish Division
Don Surrency, Natural Resources Conservation Service
Reggie Thackston, Georgia Department of Natural Resources

A special thanks to Roy Deason with Pennington Seed, for his leadership in initiating the development of this publication, to Fay Garner with the Natural Resources Conservation Service, and Stephen Amos, Pennington Seed, for their help in formatting and preparing the document for printing, and to the Alabama Chapter of the Soil and Water Conservation Society, for their help in obtaining funds for printing the publication.

Photographs courtesy of: John Jensen, #9; South Carolina Department of Natural Resources #10; Micah Goldstein, #8; Roy Deason, #13; and Kent Kammermeyer, #1, #2, #3, #4, #5, #6, #7, #11, #12.

The following companies and organizations helped make the printing of this publication possible through their financial contributions:

Alabama Chapter of the Wildlife Society
Alabama Wildlife Federation
Champion International Corporation
Georgia State Chapter National Wild Turkey Federation
Georgia-Pacific Corporation
International Paper Company
Kimberly-Clark Corporation-Southeastern Timberlands
MacMillan Bloedel Packaging, Inc.
Pennington Seed, Inc.
Union Camp Corporation
Weyerhaeuser Company