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Forestry

Multiple Use Forest Management

Multiple Use Management - Land management for more than one purpose, such as timber production, wildlife, recreation, water and aesthetics. Multiple-use management is a system that manages all the renewable resources of forestland.

Steps to Multiple Use Forest Management:

  • Identify specific management objectives and goals. Ask yourself, why do I own forestland and what are my goals? Also ask yourself, what do I want from my forest?
  • Inventory forest resources and property including timber, wildlife habitats, streams, unique landforms and places of personal significance.
  • Evaluate management alternatives and tradeoffs.
  • Prepare a final management plan.
  • Implement a plan.

Forest Resource Inventory

Why? A landowner needs as much information as possible to develop alternatives and cost estimates given their management objectives.

What? Landowner management objectives will dictate what to include in a forest resource inventory. The inventory should provide:

  • Information necessary to quantify existing forest resources.
  • A property map identifying and delineating forest stands and other habitats, landform features, and unique areas.

Timber Inventory

Objective: to obtain an estimate of the volume, grade and value of existing standing timber and identify silvicultural needs.

Information collected should include:

  • Tree species, size (d.b.h. an heights), age, and quality.
  • A delineation of forest stand types.
  • Identification of silvicultural needs.
  • Assessment of accessability and site characteristics that may limit management and timber harvesting activities.

Range Resource Inventory

Assessment of Vegetation

Herbage: the annual above-ground weight production of grasses, grass-like plants and forbs.
Browse: current leaf and twig growth of shrubs, woody vines, and trees available for consumption.
Forage:the herbage and browse which may be eaten by grazing animals.

Wildlife Resource Inventory

Management of the wildlife resource implies an effort to attain a degree of balance between the food and cover available and the animal population favored.

The inventory should:

  • estimate the number of animals, composition, and trends of various wildlife populations.
  • evaluate the adequacy of various habitats for supporting wildlife populations given their specific food and cover requirements.

Water Resource Inventory

Location, size, and quality

  • Lakes / Ponds
  • Streams - perennial or intermittent
  • Seeps
  • Springs

Recreation Resource Considerations

The product of a recreational experience are the satisfactions derived from the recreational experience.

Visual Impacts of Landscape

  • A large proportion of human perception is based on sight.
  • Need to identify landscapes that have beauty as well as utility.

Identify Other Habitats and Unique Landform Features and Areas

  • Wetlands
  • Pasture / Croplands
  • Human impact areas - roads, trails, buildings.
  • Areas of historical importance.
  • Threatened/endangered wildlife and plant areas.
  • Sensitive ecosystems.

Develop & Evaluate Alternatives

  • Use information from the forest resource inventory to match management alternatives to management objectives.
  • Evaluate cost of achieving alternatives. Are the alternatives within the financial limitations of the landowner? Explore cost-share alternatives.