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    Multiple Use Forest Management

    Multiple Use Management - Land management for more than one purpose, such as timber production, wildlife, recreation, water and aesthetics. Multiple-use management is a system that manages all the renewable resources of forestland.

    Steps to Multiple Use Forest Management:

    • Identify specific management objectives and goals. Ask yourself, why do I own forestland and what are my goals? Also ask yourself, what do I want from my forest?
    • Inventory forest resources and property including timber, wildlife habitats, streams, unique landforms and places of personal significance.
    • Evaluate management alternatives and tradeoffs.
    • Prepare a final management plan.
    • Implement a plan.

    Forest Resource Inventory

    Why? A landowner needs as much information as possible to develop alternatives and cost estimates given their management objectives.

    What? Landowner management objectives will dictate what to include in a forest resource inventory. The inventory should provide:

    • Information necessary to quantify existing forest resources.
    • A property map identifying and delineating forest stands and other habitats, landform features, and unique areas.

    Timber Inventory

    Objective: to obtain an estimate of the volume, grade and value of existing standing timber and identify silvicultural needs.

    Information collected should include:

    • Tree species, size (d.b.h. an heights), age, and quality.
    • A delineation of forest stand types.
    • Identification of silvicultural needs.
    • Assessment of accessability and site characteristics that may limit management and timber harvesting activities.

    Range Resource Inventory

    Assessment of Vegetation

    Herbage: the annual above-ground weight production of grasses, grass-like plants and forbs.
    Browse: current leaf and twig growth of shrubs, woody vines, and trees available for consumption.
    Forage:the herbage and browse which may be eaten by grazing animals.

    Wildlife Resource Inventory

    Management of the wildlife resource implies an effort to attain a degree of balance between the food and cover available and the animal population favored.

    The inventory should:

    • estimate the number of animals, composition, and trends of various wildlife populations.
    • evaluate the adequacy of various habitats for supporting wildlife populations given their specific food and cover requirements.

    Water Resource Inventory

    Location, size, and quality

    • Lakes / Ponds
    • Streams - perennial or intermittent
    • Seeps
    • Springs

    Recreation Resource Considerations

    The product of a recreational experience are the satisfactions derived from the recreational experience.

    Visual Impacts of Landscape

    • A large proportion of human perception is based on sight.
    • Need to identify landscapes that have beauty as well as utility.

    Identify Other Habitats and Unique Landform Features and Areas

    • Wetlands
    • Pasture / Croplands
    • Human impact areas - roads, trails, buildings.
    • Areas of historical importance.
    • Threatened/endangered wildlife and plant areas.
    • Sensitive ecosystems.

    Develop & Evaluate Alternatives

    • Use information from the forest resource inventory to match management alternatives to management objectives.
    • Evaluate cost of achieving alternatives. Are the alternatives within the financial limitations of the landowner? Explore cost-share alternatives.