Coffee County is largely an agricultural county. It ranks in the top five in total agricultural production in the state. Coffee County is the largest ag producing county in south Alabama. Much of the county's history is built around agriculture. It is home to the only city in the world with a monument honoring an insect. The boll weevil monument is located in the center of downtown Enterprise.
Coffee County was formed out of the western portion of Dale County in 1841. It was named for General John Coffee, an Alabama commander in the Creek Indian Wars. The first county seat was established in Enterprise in 1845 and moved to Elba in 1951. An additional courthouse was built in Enterprise in 1907.
Coffee County's major agricultural crops are peanuts, cotton, poultry and cattle. Its major industries are agricultural support industries, Doppler Radar and Klienerts textiles. Ft. Rucker Army Aviation Museum and hunting and fishing draw many tourists to Coffee County.
There are 29 educational outlets in Coffee County including 10 elementary schools, seven middle schools, five high schools, one two-year college and six private and Christian schools. Most of the adult population has completed at least one year of college.
The Coffee County Extension Office has six full-time and four part-time employees and many volunteers who help carry out Extension programs. Some of the more popular Extension programs in the county include agriculture, home economics, 4-H, NEP, and community development. More than 900 youth are involved in 4-H.