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Alabama Meat Goat Safety & Quality Assurance

Alabama Meat Goat Safety and Quality Assurance Dr. Diego M. Gimenez Jr., Extension Specialist, Associate Professor

Assuring the consumer that Alabama goat producers are providing goat products that meet or exceed expectations every time. That they are good to eat, that they are safe and healthy, they taste good and are tender.

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Good Production Practice # 3

Handle and Store Drugs Correctly

Check the expiration date on the label. Drug performance declines if the expiration date has passed, if the storage temperature is too hot or too cold, or if the drugs have been exposed to air or light. All the information you need to meet these requirements should be on the label of the drug container. Some drugs and most vaccines need to be refrigerated at 40 degrees F to 50 degrees F; drugs and vaccines should not be frozen. Keep a thermometer in your refrigerator to monitor the temperature.

  • Buy quantities for one use only.

Do not save vaccines. They will not be effective for later use and may be contaminated.

Mix only enough vaccine for 1 hour (for a modified live vaccine, 30 minutes or less).

  • Do not store medication in syringes. They cannot be labeled easily.

Use disposable syringes.

Use clean needles to draw contents from multidose bottles.

Change needles every ten to fifteen animals to minimize disease spread and drug contamination. Diseases such as bovine leukemia virus and anaplasma can be spread by needles. Consider changing needles between every breeding animal in a cow herd to prevent these diseases.


  • Avoid exposing vaccines and other medicines to direct sunlight. This may degrade the product.

To avoid sunlight and to maintain the proper temperature, use an insulated cooler for storing syringes and drugs while working on cattle.

  • Collect used needles in a rigid plastic container; return them to your veterinarian for disposal. Destroy disposable syringes so they cannot be reused or misused. Read labels. Some drugs and vaccine containers require incineration before disposal.

Used needles, scalpels, and so forth are considered medical waste and must be handled and disposed of in accordance with laws that govern them.


  • Consult your local veterinarian regarding any questions on proper use of medications.
  • All medications have detailed instructions on the label regarding usage and storage. Failure to follow these instructions will reduce the effectiveness of the product and can be harmful to the animal.


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